Posts Tagged ‘architecture’

Architecture Tour of Phnom Penh by Cyclo II


At the end of the first part I left people tantalised. (Well maybe I did, maybe you don’t give a toss, for the narrative I’ll continue believing I do) A whole piece about a tour of Phnom Penh by cyclo and no cyclos. What gives, eh? The last picture was the key to the tantalising with the back of our guide and some cyclos. So, to release the tension here are pictures of cyclos from the rest of the tour.

The first two pictures on the right show us mounting up, what other verb can I use for getting on/in a cyclo? The one on the left at the top shows us processing towards Wat Phnom and then they show, from the left, the author at repose in his cyclo, the convoy of cyclos turning left, in amongst the traffic and the start, sort of like the start of the Le Mans! (Wat Phnom is again in the background, we have traveled anti-clockwise from 3 to 6.)  So, now the lust for cyclos is sated I can move on with the narrative, our first stop was at a Chinese temple.


From the top, we see the outside of the temple which is in the grounds of s school. Our guide, Virak, said the King was pleased to have the Chinese in Cambodia and gave them the land on which the school and temple are built. It is possible to learn Madarin at the school for $100 a year he said. The people who worship at the temple are from southern China and Taiwan. Next picture down shows the detail of the window and on the right, at the top of the column a Khmer detail. Going in, on the right, we saw the dragon to protect people on the water, which is why the fish are in front of it. On the left was the tiger to protect people on the land and it has plants in front of it. Both have a small dragon and tiger pictured also to reflect continuity. I just like drums which is why that picture is there and the final, main, picture is of the altar.

Next stop was another Chinese temple. This time made of wood. In writing this I found another blog written about the tour (giving a different perspective of it) which also posted a picture (left) of the temple from three years ago. I think it makes an interesting comparison to what we saw.

Our guide said that before the Khmer Rouge there were no other buildings here but the price of land and the largely uncontrolled state of planning and building mean that people build something wherever they can. Obviously the temple has not been used for worship for a long time.

We walked further on and came to another religious building, a former Catholic Chapel which was used for Taikwando and as a school but is also now lived in and is very dark so people need to keep the lights on and I can’t imagine there’s too much ventilation for cooking smoke and fumes.


We then got back in the cyclos and went to the National Library of Cambodia. Obviously built in the colonial period, we are back in the European quarter with very classical architecture, although the columns share the Khmer feature with the Chinese temple, the only nod to the location of the building. The Khmer Rouge used this as a kitchen and canteen with animals living in the grounds which were slaughtered and then cooked and eaten inside. Some of the books were used for the cooking. The library is in the centre with the stores and offices in the wings, which can just be seen, on the left and the right respectively. Back to the cyclos.

We then toured past the Hotel Raffles Le Royal. (Top right) Built in 1929, what the hotel’s biog doesn’t say is that after the coup in 1970, as part of the republicanisation of the country, it’s name was changed to Hotel Le Phnom and it is as that it features in the film ‘The Killing Fields‘.  After a five year renovation by the Raffles group it is one of the more high class hotels.  Then, bottom right, is the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications building. Another government office building – what’s so special about that? It is not what is there now that matters but what was there before. It is the site of the former Catholic Cathedral of Notre Dame. (Pictured, from a stamp, below) Building work on it started in 1951 financed by the, secular, French government, but it was dynamited in 1976 by the Khmer Rouge. The architect said he was not disappointed by its fate as it had been built on the same layout as the Wat Phnom at the other end of the boulevard and he had never been happy with the challenge to the primeval Budhist pagoda in the city. The final picture on the left is us passing the station built in the 30’s by the engineer who also worked on the architectural wonder that is the Central Market, and it was said that he learned how to work with reinforced concrete on this building before going on to use it so successfully on the market.


Our last stop was at the former Hotel International which was originally built 1900-1910 On what was Phnom Penh’s busiest shopping streets as the Magasin Paris, the place to get your items fresh from France. It has been altered many times and no longer a hotel; the old signs are still readable on the entrance, i.e.’Horlogerie’, a clock store. The Hotel’s name, in Khmer, is still visible high up the building and you can see where people have built homes on the roof and like the hotel at the start of the tour it is now lived in by many families and the ground floor is given over to shops. Our guide said he had recently seen adverts for the hotel from the 1970’s when the hotel was heavily discounting the rooms, no doubt a function of the uncertainty as a result of the civil war taking place between the Lon Nol government and the Khmer Rouge. We got back into the cyclos and returned to the Post Office Square. If you are in Phnom Penh do take one of their tours, you learn not just about architecture but the history of the city and country, social history and so much more and the enthusiasm of the guide for the subject is contagious.

Strasbourg Neustadt


After the German victory over France in 1871 Strasbourg, as part of Alsace-Lorraine, was ceded to the German Empire and became the capital of the Elsass-Lothringen Reichsland. In 1880 the municipal architect, Jean-Geoffroy Conarth, came up with a plan to develop Strasbourg as a capital which would showcase the modernity and glory of the Imperial German Empire.  (There had been unrealised plans to extend the city since the 18th century.)

The first phase (1 on the plan above) consisted of an Imperial Palace (Now the headquarters of the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine – the oldest international institution in modern history) and Palace of the Landtag of the Elsass-Lothringen Reichsland (The Regional Assembly, now the Théâtre National de Strasbourg.) opposite each other on a big public square, the Kaiserplatz (Now place de la république), ministries, post office, library and university along a grand East-West avenue, north of the historic city. This was completed in 1900 with other areas shown above including the station and private and collective housing, which took longer to complete. In 2010 the municipality of Strasbourg and the Alsace Region decided to carry out a six-year study of the area to better understand the development of the area, and better preserve it. The first study developed was l’axe impérial, the first stage developed and this weekend there is a programme of guided visits, displays and talks about the results of this first stage. (Here is the website.)

I live in the ‘quartier gare’ (5 in the diagram above) and the houses in my street were built in the first decade of the 20th century. The picture shows them and they are typical of the buildings of the period with a historical eclecticism of taste (Italian or German neo-Renaissance, neo-Baroque etc.) Among them some wonderful examples of Art Nouveau constructions can be found including my favourite building in the local rea, around the corner from me.

The building had got into a poor state with plaster falling off and measures erected to stop people being hit by any further pieces to crumble away. It has now been restored to its glory and I just love looking at it in the sunshine, as in the photo, with the different shapes, like the more oval openings for the balconies, the different treatment of the recessed corner and the figurehead, or spire, on the corner of the building.

Across the street the variation of the building designs, styles and details is added to with colour. There are several examples of wonderful or interesting details on the buildings but I think that is the subject for another post.

Around the corner is a group of buildings different in style, closer to the buildings I saw in the part of Gdansk where Gunter Grass was born. It’s no surprise that two sets of buildings in two Germanic cities should be similar. These ones seem to have been designed as public collective housing and that seems to be the use to which they are put. A quick tour of some of the buildings part of the ‘Strasbourg Neustadt’ in the block where I live.

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